Source code for

from collections import defaultdict, namedtuple, OrderedDict
import logging
import numpy as np
import time
import os
from pkg_resources import resource_filename
from urllib.parse import urlparse
import weakref

import mlflow
from mlflow.tracking.client import MlflowClient
from mlflow.entities import Metric, Param
from mlflow.exceptions import MlflowException
from mlflow.utils import (
from mlflow.utils.autologging_utils import (
from mlflow.utils.autologging_utils import get_method_call_arg_value
from mlflow.utils.file_utils import TempDir
from mlflow.utils.mlflow_tags import MLFLOW_AUTOLOGGING, MLFLOW_PARENT_RUN_ID
from mlflow.utils.rest_utils import (
from mlflow.utils.validation import (
from mlflow.utils.autologging_utils import (

_logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)
_SparkTrainingSession = _get_new_training_session_class()


def _read_log_model_allowlist_from_file(allowlist_file):
    def _parse_allowlist_file(line_iter):
        allowlist = set()
        for line in line_iter:
            stripped = line.strip()
            is_blankline_or_comment = stripped == "" or stripped.startswith("#")
            if not is_blankline_or_comment:
        return allowlist

    url_parsed = urlparse(allowlist_file)
    scheme = url_parsed.scheme
    path = url_parsed.path
    if == "nt" and not url_parsed.hostname:
        path = scheme + "://" + path
        scheme = ""
    if scheme in ("file", ""):
        if not os.path.exists(path):
            raise MlflowException.invalid_parameter_value(f"{allowlist_file} does not exist")

        with open(allowlist_file) as f:
            return _parse_allowlist_file(f)
        host_creds = MlflowHostCreds(
            host=scheme + "://" + (url_parsed.hostname or ""),
        response = http_request(host_creds=host_creds, endpoint=path, method="GET")
        return _parse_allowlist_file(response.iter_lines(decode_unicode=True))

def _read_log_model_allowlist():
    Reads the module allowlist and returns it as a set.
    from mlflow.utils._spark_utils import _get_active_spark_session

    builtin_allowlist_file = resource_filename(__name__, "log_model_allowlist.txt")
    spark_session = _get_active_spark_session()
    if not spark_session:
            "No SparkSession detected. Autologging will log models contained "
            "in the default allowlist. To specify a custom allowlist, initialize a SparkSession "
            "prior to calling and specify the path to your allowlist "
            "file via the spark.mlflow.pysparkml.autolog.logModelAllowlistFile conf."
        return _read_log_model_allowlist_from_file(builtin_allowlist_file)

    allowlist_file = spark_session.sparkContext._conf.get(
        "spark.mlflow.pysparkml.autolog.logModelAllowlistFile", None
    if allowlist_file:
            return _read_log_model_allowlist_from_file(allowlist_file)
        except Exception:
            # fallback to built-in allowlist file
                    "Reading from custom log_models allowlist file %s failed, "
                    "fallback to built-in allowlist file."
            return _read_log_model_allowlist_from_file(builtin_allowlist_file)
        return _read_log_model_allowlist_from_file(builtin_allowlist_file)

# When autolog called, `_log_model_allowlist` will be initialized.
_log_model_allowlist = None

def _get_warning_msg_for_skip_log_model(model):
    return (
        f"Model {model.uid} will not be autologged because it is not allowlisted or or because "
        "one or more of its nested models are not allowlisted. Call mlflow.spark.log_model() "
        "to explicitly log the model, or specify a custom allowlist via the "
        "spark.mlflow.pysparkml.autolog.logModelAllowlistFile Spark conf "
        "(see docs for more info)."

def _should_log_model(spark_model):
    from import Model

    # TODO: Handle PipelineModel/CrossValidatorModel/TrainValidationSplitModel
    class_name = _get_fully_qualified_class_name(spark_model)
    should_log = class_name in _log_model_allowlist
    if not should_log:
        for name in _log_model_allowlist:
            # only support one trailing *
            if name.endswith("*") and class_name.startswith(name[:-1]):
                should_log = True
    if should_log:
        if class_name == "":
            return _should_log_model(spark_model.models[0])
        elif class_name == "":
            return all(
                _should_log_model(stage) for stage in spark_model.stages if isinstance(stage, Model)
        elif _is_parameter_search_model(spark_model):
            return _should_log_model(spark_model.bestModel)
            return all(
                for _, param_value in _get_param_map(spark_model).items()
                # Transformers are logged by default as the same behavior as PipelineModel
                if isinstance(param_value, Model)
        return False

def _get_estimator_info_tags(estimator):
    :return: A dictionary of MLflow run tag keys and values
             describing the specified estimator.
    return {
        "estimator_name": estimator.__class__.__name__,
        "estimator_class": _get_fully_qualified_class_name(estimator),

def _is_parameter_search_estimator(instance):
    from import CrossValidator, TrainValidationSplit

    return isinstance(instance, (CrossValidator, TrainValidationSplit))

def _is_parameter_search_model(instance):
    from import CrossValidatorModel, TrainValidationSplitModel

    return isinstance(instance, (CrossValidatorModel, TrainValidationSplitModel))

def _should_log_hierarchy(estimator):
    from import Pipeline
    from import OneVsRest

    return (
        isinstance(estimator, (Pipeline, OneVsRest))
        or _is_parameter_search_estimator(estimator)
        or any(_get_stage_type_params(estimator))

_AutologgingEstimatorMetadata = namedtuple(
    ["hierarchy", "uid_to_indexed_name_map", "param_search_estimators"],

def _traverse_stage(stage):
    from import Pipeline

    yield stage
    if isinstance(stage, Pipeline):
        original_sub_stages = stage.getStages()

        except TypeError:
            raise TypeError(
                f"Pipeline stages should be iterable, but found object {original_sub_stages}"
        for stage in original_sub_stages:
            yield from _traverse_stage(stage)
        # General support for params that of type Params
        for _, param_value in _get_stage_type_params(stage).items():
            yield from _traverse_stage(param_value)

def _get_uid_to_indexed_name_map(estimator):
    counter = defaultdict(int)
    uid_to_classname_and_count = {}
    for child in _traverse_stage(estimator):
        class_name = child.__class__.__name__
        counter[class_name] += 1
        uid_to_classname_and_count[child.uid] = (class_name, counter[class_name])
    return {
        uid: f"{class_name}_{count}" if counter[class_name] > 1 else class_name
        for uid, (class_name, count) in uid_to_classname_and_count.items()

def _gen_stage_hierarchy_recursively(stage, uid_to_indexed_name_map):
    from import Pipeline
    from import OneVsRest

    stage_name = uid_to_indexed_name_map[stage.uid]

    if isinstance(stage, Pipeline):
        sub_stages = []
        for sub_stage in stage.getStages():
            sub_hierarchy = _gen_stage_hierarchy_recursively(sub_stage, uid_to_indexed_name_map)
        return {"name": stage_name, "stages": sub_stages}
    elif isinstance(stage, OneVsRest):
        classifier_hierarchy = _gen_stage_hierarchy_recursively(
            stage.getClassifier(), uid_to_indexed_name_map
        return {"name": stage_name, "classifier": classifier_hierarchy}
    elif _is_parameter_search_estimator(stage):
        evaluator = stage.getEvaluator()
        tuned_estimator = stage.getEstimator()
        return {
            "name": stage_name,
            "evaluator": _gen_stage_hierarchy_recursively(evaluator, uid_to_indexed_name_map),
            "tuned_estimator": _gen_stage_hierarchy_recursively(
                tuned_estimator, uid_to_indexed_name_map
    elif any(_get_stage_type_params(stage)):
        sub_params = {}
        for param_name, param_value in _get_stage_type_params(stage).items():
            sub_hierarchy = _gen_stage_hierarchy_recursively(param_value, uid_to_indexed_name_map)
            sub_params[param_name] = sub_hierarchy
        return {"name": stage_name, "params": sub_params}
        return {"name": stage_name}

def _gen_estimator_metadata(estimator):
    Returns an `_AutologgingEstimatorMetadata` object.
    The `_AutologgingEstimatorMetadata` object includes:
     - hierarchy: the hierarchy of the estimator, it will expand
         pipeline/meta estimator/param tuning estimator
     - uid_to_indexed_name_map: a map of `uid` -> `name`, each nested instance uid will be
         mapped to a fixed name. The naming rule is using `{class_name}` if the
         instance type occurs once, or `{class_name}_{index}` if the instance type occurs
         multiple times. The index order is in line with depth-first traversing.
     - param_search_estimators: a list includes all param search estimators in the
         hierarchy tree.
    uid_to_indexed_name_map = _get_uid_to_indexed_name_map(estimator)
    param_search_estimators = [
        stage for stage in _traverse_stage(estimator) if _is_parameter_search_estimator(stage)
    hierarchy = _gen_stage_hierarchy_recursively(estimator, uid_to_indexed_name_map)

    metadata = _AutologgingEstimatorMetadata(
    estimator._autologging_metadata = metadata

    return metadata

def _get_param_map(instance):
    return { instance.getOrDefault(param)
        for param in instance.params
        if instance.isDefined(param)

def _get_stage_type_params(instance):
    Get the param map of the instance where param value is of type
    from import Params

    return { instance.getOrDefault(param)
        for param in instance.params
        if instance.isDefined(param) and isinstance(instance.getOrDefault(param), Params)

def _get_instance_param_map_recursively(instance, level, uid_to_indexed_name_map):
    from import Params
    from import Pipeline

    param_map = _get_param_map(instance)
    expanded_param_map = {}

    is_pipeline = isinstance(instance, Pipeline)
    is_parameter_search_estimator = _is_parameter_search_estimator(instance)

    if level == 0:
        logged_param_name_prefix = ""
        logged_param_name_prefix = uid_to_indexed_name_map[instance.uid] + "."

    for param_name, param_value in param_map.items():
        logged_param_name = logged_param_name_prefix + param_name

        if is_pipeline and param_name == "stages":
            expanded_param_map[logged_param_name] = [
                uid_to_indexed_name_map[stage.uid] for stage in instance.getStages()
            for stage in instance.getStages():
                stage_param_map = _get_instance_param_map_recursively(
                    stage, level + 1, uid_to_indexed_name_map
        elif is_parameter_search_estimator and param_name == "estimator":
            expanded_param_map[logged_param_name] = uid_to_indexed_name_map[param_value.uid]
            # skip log estimator's nested params because they will be logged as JSON artifact,
            # and they will be logged in nested runs as well.
        elif is_parameter_search_estimator and param_name == "estimatorParamMaps":
            # this param will be saved as JSON format artifact.
        elif isinstance(param_value, Params):
            # handle the case param value type inherits ``
            # e.g. param like
            # `OneVsRest.classifier`/`CrossValidator.evaluator`
            expanded_param_map[logged_param_name] = uid_to_indexed_name_map[param_value.uid]
            internal_param_map = _get_instance_param_map_recursively(
                param_value, level + 1, uid_to_indexed_name_map
            expanded_param_map[logged_param_name] = param_value

    return expanded_param_map

def _get_instance_param_map(instance, uid_to_indexed_name_map):
    return _get_instance_param_map_recursively(
        instance, level=0, uid_to_indexed_name_map=uid_to_indexed_name_map

def _create_child_runs_for_parameter_search(parent_estimator, parent_model, parent_run, child_tags):
    from itertools import zip_longest

    client = MlflowClient()
    # Use the start time of the parent parameter search run as a rough estimate for the
    # start time of child runs, since we cannot precisely determine when each point
    # in the parameter search space was explored
    child_run_start_time =
    child_run_end_time = int(time.time() * 1000)

    estimator_param_maps = parent_estimator.getEstimatorParamMaps()
    tuned_estimator = parent_estimator.getEstimator()

    metrics_dict, _ = _get_param_search_metrics_and_best_index(parent_estimator, parent_model)
    for i in range(len(estimator_param_maps)):
        child_estimator = tuned_estimator.copy(estimator_param_maps[i])
        tags_to_log = dict(child_tags) if child_tags else {}

        child_run = client.create_run(

        params_to_log = _get_instance_param_map(
            child_estimator, parent_estimator._autologging_metadata.uid_to_indexed_name_map
        param_batches_to_log = _chunk_dict(params_to_log, chunk_size=MAX_PARAMS_TAGS_PER_BATCH)
        metrics_to_log = {k: v[i] for k, v in metrics_dict.items()}
        for params_batch, metrics_batch in zip_longest(
            param_batches_to_log, [metrics_to_log], fillvalue={}
            # Trim any parameter keys / values and metric keys that exceed the limits
            # imposed by corresponding MLflow Tracking APIs (e.g., LogParam, LogMetric)
            truncated_params_batch = _truncate_dict(
                params_batch, MAX_ENTITY_KEY_LENGTH, MAX_PARAM_VAL_LENGTH
            truncated_metrics_batch = _truncate_dict(
                metrics_batch, max_key_length=MAX_ENTITY_KEY_LENGTH
                    Param(str(key), str(value)) for key, value in truncated_params_batch.items()
                    Metric(key=str(key), value=value, timestamp=child_run_end_time, step=0)
                    for key, value in truncated_metrics_batch.items()
        client.set_terminated(, end_time=child_run_end_time)

def _log_parameter_search_results_as_artifact(param_maps, metrics_dict, run_id):
    import pandas as pd
    import json

    result_dict = defaultdict(list)
    result_dict["params"] = []
    for param_map in param_maps:
        for param_name, param_value in param_map.items():

    results_df = pd.DataFrame.from_dict(result_dict)
    with TempDir() as t:
        results_path = t.path("search_results.csv")
        results_df.to_csv(results_path, index=False)
        MlflowClient().log_artifact(run_id, results_path)

def _get_warning_msg_for_fit_call_with_a_list_of_params(estimator):
    return (
        "Skip pyspark ML autologging when calling "
        + f"{_get_fully_qualified_class_name(estimator)}.fit with a list of params,"
        + "if you want to autolog for this case, you convert code to call `fit` with "
        + "each single param map."

def _get_tuning_param_maps(param_search_estimator, uid_to_indexed_name_map):
    tuning_param_maps = []

    def gen_log_key(param):
        if param.parent not in uid_to_indexed_name_map:
            raise ValueError(
                "Tuning params should not include params not owned by the tuned estimator, but "
                f"found a param {param}"
        return f"{uid_to_indexed_name_map[param.parent]}.{}"

    for eps in param_search_estimator.getEstimatorParamMaps():
        tuning_param_maps.append({gen_log_key(k): v for k, v in eps.items()})
    return tuning_param_maps

def _get_param_search_metrics_and_best_index(param_search_estimator, param_search_model):
    Return a tuple of `(metrics_dict, best_index)`
    `metrics_dict` is a dict of metric_name --> metric_values for each param map
    - For CrossValidatorModel, the result dict contains metrics of avg_metris and std_metrics
      for each param map.
    - For TrainValidationSplitModel, the result dict contains metrics for each param map.

    `best_index` is the best index of trials.
    from import CrossValidatorModel, TrainValidationSplitModel

    metrics_dict = {}

    metric_key = param_search_estimator.getEvaluator().getMetricName()
    if isinstance(param_search_model, CrossValidatorModel):
        avg_metrics = param_search_model.avgMetrics
        metrics_dict["avg_" + metric_key] = avg_metrics
        if hasattr(param_search_model, "stdMetrics"):
            metrics_dict["std_" + metric_key] = param_search_model.stdMetrics
    elif isinstance(param_search_model, TrainValidationSplitModel):
        avg_metrics = param_search_model.validationMetrics
        metrics_dict[metric_key] = avg_metrics
        raise RuntimeError(f"Unknown parameter search model type {type(param_search_model)}.")

    if param_search_estimator.getEvaluator().isLargerBetter():
        best_index = np.argmax(avg_metrics)
        best_index = np.argmin(avg_metrics)

    return metrics_dict, best_index

def _log_estimator_params(param_map):
    # Chunk model parameters to avoid hitting the log_batch API limit
    for chunk in _chunk_dict(param_map, chunk_size=MAX_PARAMS_TAGS_PER_BATCH):
        truncated = _truncate_dict(chunk, MAX_ENTITY_KEY_LENGTH, MAX_PARAM_VAL_LENGTH)

class _AutologgingMetricsManager:
    This class is designed for holding information which is used by autologging metrics
    It will hold information of:
    (1) a map of "prediction result object id" to a tuple of dataset name(the dataset is
       the one which generate the prediction result) and run_id.
       Note: We need this map instead of setting the run_id into the "prediction result object"
       because the object maybe a numpy array which does not support additional attribute
    (2) _log_post_training_metrics_enabled flag, in the following method scope:
       ``, `Model.transform`, `Evaluator.evaluate`,
       in order to avoid nested/duplicated autologging metric, when run into these scopes,
       we need temporarily disable the metric autologging.
    (3) _eval_dataset_info_map, it is a double level map:
       `_eval_dataset_info_map[run_id][eval_dataset_var_name]` will get a list, each
       element in the list is an id of "eval_dataset" instance.
       This data structure is used for:
        * generating unique dataset name key when autologging metric. For each eval dataset object,
          if they have the same eval_dataset_var_name, but object ids are different,
          then they will be assigned different name (via appending index to the
          eval_dataset_var_name) when autologging.
    (4) _evaluator_call_info, it is a double level map:
       `_metric_api_call_info[run_id][metric_name]` wil get a list of tuples, each tuple is:
         (logged_metric_key, evaluator_information)
        Evaluator information includes evaluator class name and params, these information
        will also be logged into "metric_info.json" artifacts.

    Note: this class is not thread-safe.
    Design rule for this class:
     Because this class instance is a global instance, in order to prevent memory leak, it should
     only holds IDs and other small objects references. This class internal data structure should
     avoid reference to user dataset variables or model variables.

    def __init__(self):
        self._pred_result_id_to_dataset_name_and_run_id = {}
        self._eval_dataset_info_map = defaultdict(lambda: defaultdict(list))
        self._evaluator_call_info = defaultdict(lambda: defaultdict(list))
        self._log_post_training_metrics_enabled = True
        self._metric_info_artifact_need_update = defaultdict(lambda: False)

    def should_log_post_training_metrics(self):
        Check whether we should run patching code for autologging post training metrics.
        This checking should surround the whole patched code due to the safe guard checking,
        See following note.

        Note: It includes checking `_SparkTrainingSession.is_active()`, This is a safe guarding
        for meta-estimator (e.g. CrossValidator/TrainValidationSplit) case:
          running, the nested `` will be called in parallel,
          but, the _autolog_training_status is a global status without thread-safe lock protecting.
          This safe guarding will prevent code run into this case.
        return not _SparkTrainingSession.is_active() and self._log_post_training_metrics_enabled

    def disable_log_post_training_metrics(self):
        class LogPostTrainingMetricsDisabledScope:
            def __enter__(inner_self):  # pylint: disable=no-self-argument
                # pylint: disable=attribute-defined-outside-init
                inner_self.old_status = self._log_post_training_metrics_enabled
                self._log_post_training_metrics_enabled = False

            # pylint: disable=no-self-argument
            def __exit__(inner_self, exc_type, exc_val, exc_tb):
                self._log_post_training_metrics_enabled = inner_self.old_status

        return LogPostTrainingMetricsDisabledScope()

    def get_run_id_for_model(model):
        return getattr(model, "_mlflow_run_id", None)

    def is_metric_value_loggable(metric_value):
        check whether the specified `metric_value` is a numeric value which can be logged
        as an MLflow metric.
        return isinstance(metric_value, (int, float, np.number)) and not isinstance(
            metric_value, bool

    def register_model(self, model, run_id):
        In `patched_fit`, we need register the model with the run_id used in `patched_fit`
        So that in following metric autologging, the metric will be logged into the registered
        model._mlflow_run_id = run_id

    def gen_name_with_index(name, index):
        assert index >= 0
        if index == 0:
            return name
            # Use '-' as the separator between name and index,
            # The '-' is not valid character in python var name
            # so it can prevent name conflicts after appending index.
            return f"{name}-{index + 1}"

    def register_prediction_input_dataset(self, model, eval_dataset):
        Register prediction input dataset into eval_dataset_info_map, it will do:
         1. inspect eval dataset var name.
         2. check whether eval_dataset_info_map already registered this eval dataset.
            will check by object id.
         3. register eval dataset with id.
         4. return eval dataset name with index.

        Note: this method include inspecting argument variable name.
         So should be called directly from the "patched method", to ensure it capture
         correct argument variable name.
        eval_dataset_name = _inspect_original_var_name(
            eval_dataset, fallback_name="unknown_dataset"
        eval_dataset_id = id(eval_dataset)

        run_id = self.get_run_id_for_model(model)
        registered_dataset_list = self._eval_dataset_info_map[run_id][eval_dataset_name]

        for i, id_i in enumerate(registered_dataset_list):
            if eval_dataset_id == id_i:
                index = i
            index = len(registered_dataset_list)

        if index == len(registered_dataset_list):
            # register new eval dataset

        return self.gen_name_with_index(eval_dataset_name, index)

    def register_prediction_result(self, run_id, eval_dataset_name, predict_result):
        Register the relationship
         id(prediction_result) --> (eval_dataset_name, run_id)
        into map `_pred_result_id_to_dataset_name_and_run_id`
        value = (eval_dataset_name, run_id)
        prediction_result_id = id(predict_result)
        self._pred_result_id_to_dataset_name_and_run_id[prediction_result_id] = value

        def clean_id(id_):
            _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER._pred_result_id_to_dataset_name_and_run_id.pop(id_, None)

        # When the `predict_result` object being GCed, its ID may be reused, so register a finalizer
        # to clear the ID from the dict for preventing wrong ID mapping.
        weakref.finalize(predict_result, clean_id, prediction_result_id)

    def get_run_id_and_dataset_name_for_evaluator_call(self, pred_result_dataset):
        Given a registered prediction result dataset object,
        return a tuple of (run_id, eval_dataset_name)
        if id(pred_result_dataset) in self._pred_result_id_to_dataset_name_and_run_id:
            dataset_name, run_id = self._pred_result_id_to_dataset_name_and_run_id[
            return run_id, dataset_name
            return None, None

    def gen_evaluator_info(self, evaluator):
        Generate evaluator information, include evaluator class name and params.
        class_name = _get_fully_qualified_class_name(evaluator)
        param_map = _truncate_dict(
            _get_param_map(evaluator), MAX_ENTITY_KEY_LENGTH, MAX_PARAM_VAL_LENGTH
        return {"evaluator_class": class_name, "params": param_map}

    def register_evaluator_call(self, run_id, metric_name, dataset_name, evaluator_info):
        Register the `Evaluator.evaluate` call, including register the evaluator information
        (See doc of `gen_evaluator_info` method) into the corresponding run_id and metric_name
        entry in the registry table.
        evaluator_call_info_list = self._evaluator_call_info[run_id][metric_name]

        index = len(evaluator_call_info_list)
        metric_name_with_index = self.gen_name_with_index(metric_name, index)
        metric_key = f"{metric_name_with_index}_{dataset_name}"

        evaluator_call_info_list.append((metric_key, evaluator_info))

        # Set the flag to true, represent the metric info in this run need update.
        # Later when `log_eval_metric` called, it will generate a new metric_info artifact
        # and overwrite the old artifact.
        self._metric_info_artifact_need_update[run_id] = True
        return metric_key

    def log_post_training_metric(self, run_id, key, value):
        Log the metric into the specified mlflow run.
        and it will also update the metric_info artifact if needed.
        # Note: if the case log the same metric key multiple times,
        #  newer value will overwrite old value
        client = MlflowClient()
        client.log_metric(run_id=run_id, key=key, value=value)
        if self._metric_info_artifact_need_update[run_id]:
            evaluator_call_list = []
            for v in self._evaluator_call_info[run_id].values():

            evaluator_call_list.sort(key=lambda x: x[0])
            dict_to_log = OrderedDict(evaluator_call_list)
            client.log_dict(run_id=run_id, dictionary=dict_to_log, artifact_file="metric_info.json")
            self._metric_info_artifact_need_update[run_id] = False

# The global `_AutologgingMetricsManager` instance which holds information used in
# post-training metric autologging. See doc of class `_AutologgingMetricsManager` for details.
_AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER = _AutologgingMetricsManager()

def _get_columns_with_unsupported_data_type(df):
    from mlflow.types.schema import DataType

    supported_spark_types = DataType.get_spark_types()
    unsupported_columns = []
    for field in df.schema.fields:
        if field.dataType not in supported_spark_types:
    return unsupported_columns

[docs]@autologging_integration(AUTOLOGGING_INTEGRATION_NAME) def autolog( log_models=True, disable=False, exclusive=False, disable_for_unsupported_versions=False, silent=False, log_post_training_metrics=True, registered_model_name=None, log_input_examples=False, log_model_signatures=True, ): # pylint: disable=unused-argument """ Enables (or disables) and configures autologging for pyspark ml estimators. This method is not threadsafe. This API requires Spark 3.0 or above. **When is autologging performed?** Autologging is performed when you call ```` except for estimators (featurizers) under ````. **Logged information** **Parameters** - Parameters obtained by ``estimator.params``. If a param value is also an ``Estimator``, then params in the the wrapped estimator will also be logged, the nested param key will be `{estimator_uid}.{param_name}` **Tags** - An estimator class name (e.g. "LinearRegression"). - A fully qualified estimator class name (e.g. ""). .. _post training metrics: **Post training metrics** When users call evaluator APIs after model training, MLflow tries to capture the `Evaluator.evaluate` results and log them as MLflow metrics to the Run associated with the model. All pyspark ML evaluators are supported. For post training metrics autologging, the metric key format is: "{metric_name}[-{call_index}]_{dataset_name}" - The metric name is the name returned by `Evaluator.getMetricName()` - If multiple calls are made to the same pyspark ML evaluator metric, each subsequent call adds a "call_index" (starting from 2) to the metric key. - MLflow uses the prediction input dataset variable name as the "dataset_name" in the metric key. The "prediction input dataset variable" refers to the variable which was used as the `dataset` argument of `model.transform` call. Note: MLflow captures the "prediction input dataset" instance in the outermost call frame and fetches the variable name in the outermost call frame. If the "prediction input dataset" instance is an intermediate expression without a defined variable name, the dataset name is set to "unknown_dataset". If multiple "prediction input dataset" instances have the same variable name, then subsequent ones will append an index (starting from 2) to the inspected dataset name. **Limitations** - MLflow cannot find run information for other objects derived from a given prediction result (e.g. by doing some transformation on the prediction result dataset). **Artifacts** - An MLflow Model with the :py:mod:`mlflow.spark` flavor containing a fitted estimator (logged by :py:func:`mlflow.spark.log_model()`). Note that large models may not be autologged for performance and storage space considerations, and autologging for Pipelines and hyperparameter tuning meta-estimators (e.g. CrossValidator) is not yet supported. See ``log_models`` param below for details. - For post training metrics API calls, a "metric_info.json" artifact is logged. This is a JSON object whose keys are MLflow post training metric names (see "Post training metrics" section for the key format) and whose values are the corresponding evaluator information, including evaluator class name and evaluator params. **How does autologging work for meta estimators?** When a meta estimator (e.g. `Pipeline`_, `CrossValidator`_, `TrainValidationSplit`_, `OneVsRest`_) calls ``fit()``, it internally calls ``fit()`` on its child estimators. Autologging does NOT perform logging on these constituent ``fit()`` calls. A "estimator_info.json" artifact is logged, which includes a `hierarchy` entry describing the hierarchy of the meta estimator. The hierarchy includes expanded entries for all nested stages, such as nested pipeline stages. **Parameter search** In addition to recording the information discussed above, autologging for parameter search meta estimators (`CrossValidator`_ and `TrainValidationSplit`_) records child runs with metrics for each set of explored parameters, as well as artifacts and parameters for the best model and the best parameters (if available). For better readability, the "estimatorParamMaps" param in parameter search estimator will be recorded inside "estimator_info" artifact, see following description. Inside "estimator_info.json" artifact, in addition to the "hierarchy", records 2 more items: "tuning_parameter_map_list": a list contains all parameter maps used in tuning, and "tuned_estimator_parameter_map": the parameter map of the tuned estimator. Records a "best_parameters.json" artifacts, contains the best parameter it searched out. Records a "search_results.csv" artifacts, contains search results, it is a table with 2 columns: "params" and "metric". .. _OneVsRest: .. _Pipeline: .. _CrossValidator: .. _TrainValidationSplit: :param log_models: If ``True``, if trained models are in allowlist, they are logged as MLflow model artifacts. If ``False``, trained models are not logged. Note: the built-in allowlist excludes some models (e.g. ALS models) which can be large. To specify a custom allowlist, create a file containing a newline-delimited list of fully-qualified estimator classnames, and set the "spark.mlflow.pysparkml.autolog.logModelAllowlistFile" Spark config to the path of your allowlist file. :param disable: If ``True``, disables the scikit-learn autologging integration. If ``False``, enables the pyspark ML autologging integration. :param exclusive: If ``True``, autologged content is not logged to user-created fluent runs. If ``False``, autologged content is logged to the active fluent run, which may be user-created. :param disable_for_unsupported_versions: If ``True``, disable autologging for versions of pyspark that have not been tested against this version of the MLflow client or are incompatible. :param silent: If ``True``, suppress all event logs and warnings from MLflow during pyspark ML autologging. If ``False``, show all events and warnings during pyspark ML autologging. :param log_post_training_metrics: If ``True``, post training metrics are logged. Defaults to ``True``. See the `post training metrics`_ section for more details. :param registered_model_name: If given, each time a model is trained, it is registered as a new model version of the registered model with this name. The registered model is created if it does not already exist. :param log_input_examples: If ``True``, input examples from training datasets are collected and logged along with pyspark ml model artifacts during training. If ``False``, input examples are not logged. :param log_model_signatures: If ``True``, :py:class:`ModelSignatures <mlflow.models.ModelSignature>` describing model inputs and outputs are collected and logged along with spark ml pipeline/estimator artifacts during training. If ``False`` signatures are not logged. .. warning:: Currently, only scalar Spark data types are supported. If model inputs/outputs contain non-scalar Spark data types such as ````, signatures are not logged. **The default log model allowlist in mlflow** .. literalinclude:: ../../../mlflow/pyspark/ml/log_model_allowlist.txt :language: text """ from mlflow.tracking.context import registry as context_registry from import Estimator, Model from import Evaluator global _log_model_allowlist _log_model_allowlist = _read_log_model_allowlist() def _log_pretraining_metadata(estimator, params): if params and isinstance(params, dict): estimator = estimator.copy(params) autologging_metadata = _gen_estimator_metadata(estimator) artifact_dict = {} param_map = _get_instance_param_map(estimator, autologging_metadata.uid_to_indexed_name_map) if _should_log_hierarchy(estimator): artifact_dict["hierarchy"] = autologging_metadata.hierarchy for param_search_estimator in autologging_metadata.param_search_estimators: param_search_estimator_name = ( f"{autologging_metadata.uid_to_indexed_name_map[param_search_estimator.uid]}" ) artifact_dict[param_search_estimator_name] = {} artifact_dict[param_search_estimator_name][ "tuning_parameter_map_list" ] = _get_tuning_param_maps( param_search_estimator, autologging_metadata.uid_to_indexed_name_map ) artifact_dict[param_search_estimator_name][ "tuned_estimator_parameter_map" ] = _get_instance_param_map_recursively( param_search_estimator.getEstimator(), 1, autologging_metadata.uid_to_indexed_name_map, ) if artifact_dict: mlflow.log_dict(artifact_dict, artifact_file="estimator_info.json") _log_estimator_params(param_map) mlflow.set_tags(_get_estimator_info_tags(estimator)) def _log_posttraining_metadata(estimator, spark_model, params, input_df): if _is_parameter_search_estimator(estimator): try: # Fetch environment-specific tags (e.g., user and source) to ensure that lineage # information is consistent with the parent run child_tags = context_registry.resolve_tags() child_tags.update({MLFLOW_AUTOLOGGING: AUTOLOGGING_INTEGRATION_NAME}) _create_child_runs_for_parameter_search( parent_estimator=estimator, parent_model=spark_model, parent_run=mlflow.active_run(), child_tags=child_tags, ) except Exception: import traceback msg = ( "Encountered exception during creation of child runs for parameter search." " Child runs may be missing. Exception: {}".format(traceback.format_exc()) ) _logger.warning(msg) estimator_param_maps = _get_tuning_param_maps( estimator, estimator._autologging_metadata.uid_to_indexed_name_map ) metrics_dict, best_index = _get_param_search_metrics_and_best_index( estimator, spark_model ) _log_parameter_search_results_as_artifact( estimator_param_maps, metrics_dict, mlflow.active_run().info.run_id ) # Log best_param_map as JSON artifact best_param_map = estimator_param_maps[best_index] mlflow.log_dict(best_param_map, artifact_file="best_parameters.json") # Log best_param_map as autologging parameters as well _log_estimator_params( { f"best_{param_name}": param_value for param_name, param_value in best_param_map.items() } ) if log_models: if _should_log_model(spark_model): from mlflow.models import infer_signature from import ( cast_spark_df_with_vector_to_array, get_feature_cols, ) from mlflow.spark import _find_and_set_features_col_as_vector_if_needed from pyspark.sql import SparkSession spark = SparkSession.builder.getOrCreate() def _get_input_example_as_pd_df(): feature_cols = list(get_feature_cols(input_df.schema, spark_model)) limited_input_df = INPUT_EXAMPLE_SAMPLE_ROWS ) return cast_spark_df_with_vector_to_array(limited_input_df).toPandas() def _infer_model_signature(input_example_slice): input_slice_df = _find_and_set_features_col_as_vector_if_needed( spark.createDataFrame(input_example_slice), spark_model ) model_output = spark_model.transform(input_slice_df).drop( *input_slice_df.columns ) # TODO: Remove this once we support non-scalar spark data types unsupported_columns = _get_columns_with_unsupported_data_type(model_output) if unsupported_columns: _logger.warning( "Model outputs contain unsupported Spark data types: " f"{unsupported_columns}. Output schema is not be logged." ) model_output = None else: model_output = model_output.toPandas() return infer_signature(input_example_slice, model_output) # TODO: Remove this once we support non-scalar spark data types nonlocal log_model_signatures if log_model_signatures: unsupported_columns = _get_columns_with_unsupported_data_type(input_df) if unsupported_columns: _logger.warning( "Model inputs contain unsupported Spark data types: " f"{unsupported_columns}. Model signature is not logged." ) log_model_signatures = False input_example, signature = resolve_input_example_and_signature( _get_input_example_as_pd_df, _infer_model_signature, log_input_examples, log_model_signatures, _logger, ) mlflow.spark.log_model( spark_model, artifact_path="model", registered_model_name=registered_model_name, input_example=input_example, signature=signature, ) if _is_parameter_search_model(spark_model): mlflow.spark.log_model( spark_model.bestModel, artifact_path="best_model", ) else: _logger.warning(_get_warning_msg_for_skip_log_model(spark_model)) def fit_mlflow(original, self, *args, **kwargs): params = get_method_call_arg_value(1, "params", None, args, kwargs) # Do not perform autologging on direct calls to fit() for featurizers. # Note that featurizers will be autologged when they're fit as part of a Pipeline. if _get_fully_qualified_class_name(self).startswith(""): return original(self, *args, **kwargs) elif isinstance(params, (list, tuple)): # skip the case params is a list or tuple, this case it will call # fitMultiple and return a model iterator _logger.warning(_get_warning_msg_for_fit_call_with_a_list_of_params(self)) return original(self, *args, **kwargs) else: # we need generate estimator param map so we call `self.copy(params)` to construct # an estimator with the extra params. from pyspark.storagelevel import StorageLevel estimator = self.copy(params) if params is not None else self _log_pretraining_metadata(estimator, params) input_training_df = args[0].persist(StorageLevel.MEMORY_AND_DISK) spark_model = original(self, *args, **kwargs) _log_posttraining_metadata(estimator, spark_model, params, input_training_df) input_training_df.unpersist() return spark_model def patched_fit(original, self, *args, **kwargs): should_log_post_training_metrics = ( log_post_training_metrics and _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.should_log_post_training_metrics() ) with _SparkTrainingSession(clazz=self.__class__, allow_children=False) as t: if t.should_log(): with _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.disable_log_post_training_metrics(): fit_result = fit_mlflow(original, self, *args, **kwargs) # In some cases the `fit_result` may be an iterator of spark models. if should_log_post_training_metrics and isinstance(fit_result, Model): _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.register_model( fit_result, mlflow.active_run().info.run_id ) return fit_result else: return original(self, *args, **kwargs) def patched_transform(original, self, *args, **kwargs): run_id = _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.get_run_id_for_model(self) if _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.should_log_post_training_metrics() and run_id: predict_result = original(self, *args, **kwargs) eval_dataset = get_method_call_arg_value(0, "dataset", None, args, kwargs) eval_dataset_name = _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.register_prediction_input_dataset( self, eval_dataset ) _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.register_prediction_result( run_id, eval_dataset_name, predict_result ) return predict_result else: return original(self, *args, **kwargs) def patched_evaluate(original, self, *args, **kwargs): if _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.should_log_post_training_metrics(): with _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.disable_log_post_training_metrics(): metric = original(self, *args, **kwargs) if _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.is_metric_value_loggable(metric): params = get_method_call_arg_value(1, "params", None, args, kwargs) # we need generate evaluator param map so we call `self.copy(params)` to construct # an evaluator with the extra evaluation params. evaluator = self.copy(params) if params is not None else self metric_name = evaluator.getMetricName() evaluator_info = _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.gen_evaluator_info(evaluator) pred_result_dataset = get_method_call_arg_value(0, "dataset", None, args, kwargs) ( run_id, dataset_name, ) = _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.get_run_id_and_dataset_name_for_evaluator_call( pred_result_dataset ) if run_id and dataset_name: metric_key = _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.register_evaluator_call( run_id, metric_name, dataset_name, evaluator_info ) _AUTOLOGGING_METRICS_MANAGER.log_post_training_metric( run_id, metric_key, metric ) return metric else: return original(self, *args, **kwargs) safe_patch( AUTOLOGGING_INTEGRATION_NAME, Estimator, "fit", patched_fit, manage_run=True, ) if log_post_training_metrics: safe_patch( AUTOLOGGING_INTEGRATION_NAME, Model, "transform", patched_transform, manage_run=False, ) safe_patch( AUTOLOGGING_INTEGRATION_NAME, Evaluator, "evaluate", patched_evaluate, manage_run=False, )