mlflow.tensorflow

The mlflow.tensorflow module provides an API for logging and loading TensorFlow models. This module exports TensorFlow models with the following flavors:

TensorFlow (native) format

This is the main flavor that can be loaded back into TensorFlow.

mlflow.pyfunc

Produced for use by generic pyfunc-based deployment tools and batch inference.

mlflow.tensorflow.autolog(every_n_iter=1, log_models=True, disable=False, exclusive=False, disable_for_unsupported_versions=False, silent=False, registered_model_name=None, log_input_examples=False, log_model_signatures=True, saved_model_kwargs=None, keras_model_kwargs=None)[source]

Note

Autologging is known to be compatible with the following package versions: 2.3.0 <= tensorflow <= 2.10.0. Autologging may not succeed when used with package versions outside of this range.

Enables autologging for tf.keras and keras. Note that only tensorflow>=2.3 are supported. As an example, try running the TensorFlow examples.

For each TensorFlow module, autologging captures the following information:

tf.keras
  • Metrics and Parameters

  • Training loss; validation loss; user-specified metrics

  • fit() or fit_generator() parameters; optimizer name; learning rate; epsilon

  • Artifacts

  • Model summary on training start

  • MLflow Model (Keras model)

  • TensorBoard logs on training end

tf.keras.callbacks.EarlyStopping
  • Metrics and Parameters

  • Metrics from the EarlyStopping callbacks: stopped_epoch, restored_epoch, restore_best_weight, etc

  • fit() or fit_generator() parameters associated with EarlyStopping: min_delta, patience, baseline, restore_best_weights, etc

Refer to the autologging tracking documentation for more information on TensorFlow workflows.

Parameters
  • every_n_iter – The frequency with which metrics should be logged. For example, a value of 100 will log metrics at step 0, 100, 200, etc.

  • log_models – If True, trained models are logged as MLflow model artifacts. If False, trained models are not logged.

  • disable – If True, disables the TensorFlow autologging integration. If False, enables the TensorFlow integration autologging integration.

  • exclusive – If True, autologged content is not logged to user-created fluent runs. If False, autologged content is logged to the active fluent run, which may be user-created.

  • disable_for_unsupported_versions – If True, disable autologging for versions of tensorflow that have not been tested against this version of the MLflow client or are incompatible.

  • silent – If True, suppress all event logs and warnings from MLflow during TensorFlow autologging. If False, show all events and warnings during TensorFlow autologging.

  • registered_model_name – If given, each time a model is trained, it is registered as a new model version of the registered model with this name. The registered model is created if it does not already exist.

  • log_input_examples – If True, input examples from training datasets are collected and logged along with tf/keras model artifacts during training. If False, input examples are not logged.

  • log_model_signatures – If True, ModelSignatures describing model inputs and outputs are collected and logged along with tf/keras model artifacts during training. If False, signatures are not logged. Note that logging TensorFlow models with signatures changes their pyfunc inference behavior when Pandas DataFrames are passed to predict(). When a signature is present, an np.ndarray (for single-output models) or a mapping from str -> np.ndarray (for multi-output models) is returned; when a signature is not present, a Pandas DataFrame is returned.

  • saved_model_kwargs – a dict of kwargs to pass to tensorflow.saved_model.save method.

  • keras_model_kwargs – a dict of kwargs to pass to keras_model.save method.

mlflow.tensorflow.get_default_conda_env()[source]
Returns

The default Conda environment for MLflow Models produced by calls to save_model() and log_model().

mlflow.tensorflow.get_default_pip_requirements(include_cloudpickle=False)[source]
Returns

A list of default pip requirements for MLflow Models produced by this flavor. Calls to save_model() and log_model() produce a pip environment that, at minimum, contains these requirements.

mlflow.tensorflow.load_model(model_uri, dst_path=None, saved_model_kwargs=None, keras_model_kwargs=None)[source]

Load an MLflow model that contains the TensorFlow flavor from the specified path.

Parameters
  • model_uri

    The location, in URI format, of the MLflow model. For example:

    • /Users/me/path/to/local/model

    • relative/path/to/local/model

    • s3://my_bucket/path/to/model

    • runs:/<mlflow_run_id>/run-relative/path/to/model

    • models:/<model_name>/<model_version>

    • models:/<model_name>/<stage>

    For more information about supported URI schemes, see Referencing Artifacts.

  • dst_path – The local filesystem path to which to download the model artifact. This directory must already exist. If unspecified, a local output path will be created.

  • saved_model_kwargs – kwargs to pass to tensorflow.saved_model.load method. Only available when you are loading a tensorflow2 core model.

  • keras_model_kwargs – kwargs to pass to keras.models.load_model method. Only available when you are loading a Keras model.

Returns

A callable graph (tf.function) that takes inputs and returns inferences.

Example
import mlflow
import tensorflow as tf
tf_graph = tf.Graph()
tf_sess = tf.Session(graph=tf_graph)
with tf_graph.as_default():
    signature_definition = mlflow.tensorflow.load_model(model_uri="model_uri",
                            tf_sess=tf_sess)
    input_tensors = [tf_graph.get_tensor_by_name(input_signature.name)
                        for _, input_signature in signature_definition.inputs.items()]
    output_tensors = [tf_graph.get_tensor_by_name(output_signature.name)
                        for _, output_signature in signature_definition.outputs.items()]
mlflow.tensorflow.log_model(model, artifact_path, custom_objects=None, conda_env=None, code_paths=None, signature: mlflow.models.signature.ModelSignature = None, input_example: Union[pandas.core.frame.DataFrame, numpy.ndarray, dict, list, csr_matrix, csc_matrix] = None, registered_model_name=None, await_registration_for=300, pip_requirements=None, extra_pip_requirements=None, saved_model_kwargs=None, keras_model_kwargs=None)[source]

Log a TF2 core model (inheriting tf.Module) or a Keras model in MLflow Model format.

Parameters
  • model – The TF2 core model (inheriting tf.Module) or Keras model to be saved.

  • artifact_path – The run-relative path to which to log model artifacts.

  • custom_objects – A Keras custom_objects dictionary mapping names (strings) to custom classes or functions associated with the Keras model. MLflow saves these custom layers using CloudPickle and restores them automatically when the model is loaded with mlflow.tensorflow.load_model() and mlflow.pyfunc.load_model().

  • conda_env

    Either a dictionary representation of a Conda environment or the path to a conda environment yaml file. If provided, this describes the environment this model should be run in. At minimum, it should specify the dependencies contained in get_default_conda_env(). If None, a conda environment with pip requirements inferred by mlflow.models.infer_pip_requirements() is added to the model. If the requirement inference fails, it falls back to using get_default_pip_requirements(). pip requirements from conda_env are written to a pip requirements.txt file and the full conda environment is written to conda.yaml. The following is an example dictionary representation of a conda environment:

    {
        "name": "mlflow-env",
        "channels": ["conda-forge"],
        "dependencies": [
            "python=3.8.15",
            {
                "pip": [
                    "tensorflow==x.y.z"
                ],
            },
        ],
    }
    

  • code_paths – A list of local filesystem paths to Python file dependencies (or directories containing file dependencies). These files are prepended to the system path when the model is loaded.

  • registered_model_name – If given, create a model version under registered_model_name, also creating a registered model if one with the given name does not exist.

  • signature

    ModelSignature describes model input and output Schema. The model signature can be inferred from datasets with valid model input (e.g. the training dataset with target column omitted) and valid model output (e.g. model predictions generated on the training dataset), for example:

    from mlflow.models.signature import infer_signature
    train = df.drop_column("target_label")
    predictions = ... # compute model predictions
    signature = infer_signature(train, predictions)
    

  • input_example – Input example provides one or several instances of valid model input. The example can be used as a hint of what data to feed the model. The given example can be a Pandas DataFrame where the given example will be serialized to json using the Pandas split-oriented format, or a numpy array where the example will be serialized to json by converting it to a list. Bytes are base64-encoded.

  • await_registration_for – Number of seconds to wait for the model version to finish being created and is in READY status. By default, the function waits for five minutes. Specify 0 or None to skip waiting.

  • pip_requirements – Either an iterable of pip requirement strings (e.g. ["tensorflow", "-r requirements.txt", "-c constraints.txt"]) or the string path to a pip requirements file on the local filesystem (e.g. "requirements.txt"). If provided, this describes the environment this model should be run in. If None, a default list of requirements is inferred by mlflow.models.infer_pip_requirements() from the current software environment. If the requirement inference fails, it falls back to using get_default_pip_requirements(). Both requirements and constraints are automatically parsed and written to requirements.txt and constraints.txt files, respectively, and stored as part of the model. Requirements are also written to the pip section of the model’s conda environment (conda.yaml) file.

  • extra_pip_requirements

    Either an iterable of pip requirement strings (e.g. ["pandas", "-r requirements.txt", "-c constraints.txt"]) or the string path to a pip requirements file on the local filesystem (e.g. "requirements.txt"). If provided, this describes additional pip requirements that are appended to a default set of pip requirements generated automatically based on the user’s current software environment. Both requirements and constraints are automatically parsed and written to requirements.txt and constraints.txt files, respectively, and stored as part of the model. Requirements are also written to the pip section of the model’s conda environment (conda.yaml) file.

    Warning

    The following arguments can’t be specified at the same time:

    • conda_env

    • pip_requirements

    • extra_pip_requirements

    This example demonstrates how to specify pip requirements using pip_requirements and extra_pip_requirements.

  • saved_model_kwargs – a dict of kwargs to pass to tensorflow.saved_model.save method.

  • keras_model_kwargs – a dict of kwargs to pass to keras_model.save method.

Returns

A ModelInfo instance that contains the metadata of the logged model.

mlflow.tensorflow.save_model(model, path, conda_env=None, code_paths=None, mlflow_model=None, custom_objects=None, signature: mlflow.models.signature.ModelSignature = None, input_example: Union[pandas.core.frame.DataFrame, numpy.ndarray, dict, list, csr_matrix, csc_matrix] = None, pip_requirements=None, extra_pip_requirements=None, saved_model_kwargs=None, keras_model_kwargs=None)[source]

Save a TF2 core model (inheriting tf.Module) or Keras model in MLflow Model format to a path on the local file system.

Parameters
  • model – The Keras model or Tensorflow module to be saved.

  • path – Local path where the MLflow model is to be saved.

  • conda_env – {{ conda_env }}

  • code_paths – A list of local filesystem paths to Python file dependencies (or directories containing file dependencies). These files are prepended to the system path when the model is loaded.

  • mlflow_model – MLflow model configuration to which to add the tensorflow flavor.

  • custom_objects – A Keras custom_objects dictionary mapping names (strings) to custom classes or functions associated with the Keras model. MLflow saves these custom layers using CloudPickle and restores them automatically when the model is loaded with mlflow.tensorflow.load_model() and mlflow.pyfunc.load_model().

  • signature

    ModelSignature describes model input and output Schema. The model signature can be inferred from datasets with valid model input (e.g. the training dataset with target column omitted) and valid model output (e.g. model predictions generated on the training dataset), for example:

    from mlflow.models.signature import infer_signature
    train = df.drop_column("target_label")
    predictions = ... # compute model predictions
    signature = infer_signature(train, predictions)
    

  • input_example – Input example provides one or several instances of valid model input. The example can be used as a hint of what data to feed the model. The given example can be a Pandas DataFrame where the given example will be serialized to json using the Pandas split-oriented format, or a numpy array where the example will be serialized to json by converting it to a list. Bytes are base64-encoded.

  • pip_requirements – {{ pip_requirements }}

  • extra_pip_requirements – {{ extra_pip_requirements }}

  • saved_model_kwargs – a dict of kwargs to pass to tensorflow.saved_model.save method if the model to be saved is a Tensorflow module.

  • keras_model_kwargs – a dict of kwargs to pass to model.save method if the model to be saved is a keras model.